LA FICTION APPLIQUEE, Une Théorie d’Explication du Monde d’un Cinéaste

LA FICTION APPLIQUEE

La fiction appliquée part donc du principe suivant lequel nous vivons dans un monde où le déroulement de la vie est écrite, jouée et regardée par les hommes. Elle inclue aussi le comportement de ceux qui ne savent pas ce qui se passe. D’où le premier principe de ce que j’appelle la Fiction Appliquée.

1ER PRINCIPE DE LA FICTION APPLIQUEE

Toutes les sociétés humaines sont constituées de quatre catégories de personnes: ceux qui écrivent ce que vivent leurs contemporains, ceux qui jouent ce qui a été écrit, ceux qui regardent et ceux qui ne savent pas ce qui se passe.

2EME PRINCIPE DE LA FICTION APPLIQUEE

Le deuxième principe lui dit que toute personne dans une catégorie inférieure aspire à accéder à la catégorie au dessus. Ainsi donc, celui qui ne sait pas ce qui se passe aspire à devenir un spectateur qui lui n’aspire qu’à devenir un acteur qui lui même voudrait être scénariste. Les hommes sont toujours attirés dans la direction d’un plus grand savoir. Ainsi, celui qui ne sait pas ce qui se passe va évoluer vers le niveau de savoir le plus proche, c’est-à-dire devenir un spectateur. Le spectateur lui évoluera pour être un acteur et l’acteur un scénariste.

LES LECTATEURS

L’Histoire nous ayant appris que les scénaristes invisibles ne sont pas toujours honnêtes ni n’oeuvrent pas toujours pour le bien de l’humanité, Hitler en est un exemple, il y a donc une catégorie à créer parmi les spectateurs qui n’aspire pas à être acteur mais éventuellement des scénaristes eux-mêmes sauf que leurs scénarios ne seraient que des relectures critiques des scénarios des scénaristes antérieurs ou contemporains. Ce sont des “lectateurs”. Un peu comme James Joyce relit l’Odyssée en écrivant Ulysse. On pourrait même aller plus loin en instaurant le “sermon du scénariste”. J’entend ici par scénariste tout détenteur d’un pouvoir pouvant influencer l’”architecture dynamique” du quotidien des humains.

UN MONDE EN QUARTRE DIMENSIONS

Tout revient à dire que le monde a quatre dimensions: le monde conçu qui fait appel au religieux, à la morale…, le monde joué qui est plus du domaine de la politique, l’économie, l’organisation sociale…, le monde regardé qui fait appel à l’art et la science et enfin le monde ignoré qui fait appel à l’éducation.

LA CULTURE DU COMMENTAIRE

La connaissance que nous avons du monde et des évènements quotidiens se fait grâce aux médias; c’est ainsi qu’ils deviennent un prolongement de notre environnement quotidien. C’est le théâtre des acteurs et des spectateurs où les intermédiaires sont des journalistes. N’ayant ni le temps, ni les moyens de décortiquer en profondeur les informations disponibles, nous nous contentons d’un commentaire fait par une tierce personne. Par exemple, nous n’irons pas voir tous les films annoncés dans un journal, nous en lirons les critiques et le plus souvent ce sera tout ce qui nous restera de ces films que nous n’aurons pas vu mais dont nous aurons eu un rapport-résumé. S’il y avait dix films annoncés et que nous en voyons un, il en restera neuf dont nous n’aurons gardé que la critique d’un journaliste. C’est pourquoi le scénariste de fiction appliquée ne se contente pas d’écrire son histoire invisible. Il écrit aussi écrire le rapport-résumé voire la critique de son histoire car c’est peut-être tout ce que certaines personnes en retiendront.

TRANSACTIONS AUTOUR DE LA FICTION

Le phénomène auquel nous assistons à la bourse aujourd’hui est complètement lié aux histoires qui sont racontées aux personnes qui achètent et revendent les actions. On achète et on revend selon une histoire que l’on a entendu. Le phénomène est d’autant plus important que les compagnies deviennent de plus en plus virtuelles. Les actions les plus spéculatifs sont celles des compagnies d’internet car elles ne se nourrissent que de fiction. Nous avons aussi assisté aux phénomènes de fusion ou de compression de personnel qui ne sont autres que des histoires auxquelles les investisseurs croient. Croyant suivre une certaine réalité, ils la créé en fait selon “le principe de réflexivité”. Le principe de réflexivité est un principe qui s’inspire de du principe qui dit que derrière toute action, il y a une réaction. De même alors que nous agissons sur le monde, le monde agit sur nous et vis vers ça. 

La fiction appliquée amène les individus à agir selon l’histoire qu’ils entendent mais en même temps, leur comportement agit sur l’histoire qui devient réalité. Au départ, l’histoire n’est ni vraie ni fausse, c’est une histoire. Nous sommes des êtres dont le besoin de fiction modèle le monde que nous vivons.

PROFESSIONS FICTIONNALISEES

Fictionaliser dans son métier et par conséquent la vie des autres est la voie à suivre pour atteindre le niveau le plus élevé. Ainsi, la compagnie qui va produire la meilleure histoire va voir son stock exploser. Même le clochard qui vous aborde dans la rue est conscient du fait que selon l’histoire qu’il vous raconte, il obtiendra la pièce qu’il vous demande. De plus en plus d’arnaques sont organisés autour de la fiction. On vous fait croire à des opérations bancaires qui vont multiplier votre argent.

Ce qui est le plus surprenant c’est l’incrédulité des personnes qui y croient. Qui parmi nous ne s’est pas encore fait avoir par un clochard? Le besoin de fiction en nous est insatiable et devant une histoire, nous restons des enfants. C’est pourquoi la fiction est une arme redoutable ou une protection quand elle se retrouve dans la vie quotidienne. On assiste à un autre phénomène, celui de l’histoire en nous qui nous amène à ignorer l’inévitable scientifiquement prouvé.

VIVRE AU CINEMA

L’instinct de survie qui se manifeste à travers l’activité commerciale dans la réalité comme dans les médias pousse l’humain à un nouveau type de communication avec ce que ça inclue (impatience, écoute limitée, language du corps…). Que restera-t-il de l’humain? Seul l’avenir nous dira si l’humain était en mesure de s’adapter à la pression des conditions crée pour des personnes morales que sont les entreprises. La question qu’il faut se poser, c’est en quoi ce mode de vie est-il une belle histoire? A mon avis en rien. Du moins, l’histoire est simpliste et manichéenne. Sans zones d’ombres, sans complexité. “Predictable.” Comment peut-on nuancer le fait de vouloir gagner de l’argent? C’est en cela qu’il est important qu’une discipline comme la fiction appliquée prenne une place dans notre quotidien afin que nous puissions être selon les circonstances, le Cid retirant son gant pour donner l’aumône à un lépreux (Barby d’Aurevilly), Raskolnikov s’agenouillant devant Sonia la prostituée (Crime et châtiment). Ainsi la fiction appliquée a pour but d’aider les humains à comprendre, comprendre c’est aimer et aimer ce qui nous ressemble le moins nous révèle le plus de nous-mêmes. Aussi notre vie interrogera la société sur la présence du mal en elle et par conséquent sur la responsabilité des institutions. Elle redonne une ambition romanesque à notre vie. Ainsi l’histoire de la vie des humains échappera peut-être au mauvais roman de gare qui lui est proposé; un roman forgé par les lieux communs du moment en le substituant à une oeuvre originale sublime, racontant une histoire qui est littérature. Proust contre Delly, Tournier contre Guy

des Cars, le combat est inégal. Vivre les poésies avec actions et sentiments des personnages évoluant dans son univers, au lieu de se contenter de les écrire ou de les lire. Et apprendre en cas de crise, qu’on puisse pourquoi pas au lieu d’aller vers plus de clarté, vers la dissipation des ténèbres comme le ferait Holmes, s’efforcer à partir d’une situation limpide, restituer l’incertitude, provoquer l’épais brouillard où disparaîtront les certitudes et s’engloutira la situation de départ. Défaire l’énigme pour mieux la refaire. N’est-ce pas “la magie” dont l’homme a besoin? Carmen et son “si je t’aime, prends garde à toi” sont beaucoup plus pertinents en matière de crime passionnel que le rapport du légiste ou les attendus d’un magistrat qui n’a peut-être jamais connu la passion. 

La fiction appliquée considère que toute vie humaine est une énigme, elle ne cherche pas à mettre en lumière comme la psychanalyse les zones d’ombre d’un homme. Car elles font sa force.

CINEMAS DES PEUPLES

Pourquoi Moïse, selon Freud a-t-il eu besoin de rendre Dieu invisible? Pour que son histoire tienne pendant des millénaires. Aucune image n’a tenu aussi longtemps dans l’imaginaire des humains que l’absence d’image. Ce vide laisse libre cours à la fiction la plus importante, la foi religieuse. Imaginez la puissance du “Dieu est grand!” de la révolution de l’Ayathollah Khomeiny. Ce n’est peut-être une histoire au sens technique du terme avec un début, un milieu et une fin; mais c’est la chose qui est à l’origine même des histoires. Imaginez le nombre de personnes qui se sont reconnues dans “la mission civilisatrice de la France!” Le nombre de destins changés, de tragédies, de bonheur derrière cette projection vers la fiction. La plus grosse erreur de Lenine n’a-t-elle pas été “le réalisme-socialiste”; c’est à dire l’absence de fiction? Un pays écrit son Histoire en s’attribuant un rôle, une mission, en célébrant ses héros. C’est ainsi que de nouveaux personnages se sentent dotés de cette mission et créent le destin de ce pays. Ce sont de grands hommes politiques qui définissent cette destinée, bref une histoire que doivent vivre leurs concitoyens. De cet ordre. La France représente éminemment la période analytique, révolutionnaire, profane, irréligieuse de l’humanité, et c’est à cause de son impuissance même en religion qu’elle se rattache avec cette indifférence sceptique aux formules du passé.

LA FRANCE, UNE FICTION

Il se peut qu’un jour la France, ayant accompli son rôle, devienne un obstacle au progrès de l’humanité et disparaisse; car les rôles sont profondément distincts; celui qui a fait l’analyse ne fait pas la synthèse. à chacun son oeuvre, telle est la loi de l’histoire. La France aura été le grand instrument révolutionnaire; sera- t- elle puissante pour la reédification religieuse?

L’avenir le saura.

Quoi qu’il en soit, il aura suffi, pour sa gloire, d’esquisser une face de l’humanité.

Renan E. L’Avenir de la Science 1890 (Paris, Calmann-Levy, 1910.) P. 318

Ou encore dans un autre genre,

Ce n’est qu’un pas, mais ce pas est fait par la France; et, dans un temps donné,

tous les pas que fait la France, le monde les fera. Ceci est tellement vrai, que, lorsqu’elle se hâte, le monde se révolte contre elle, et la prend à partie, trouvant plus facile encore de la combattre que de la suivre. Aussi la politique de la France doit- elle être une politique conductrice et toujours se résumer en deux mots: ne jamais marcher assez lentement pour arrêter l’Europe, ne jamais marcher assez vite pour empêcher l’Europe de rejoindre.

Hugo V. Le Rhin. Lettres A Un Ami 1842 (Paris, Ollendorff, 1906.) P. 466

Pour clore.

Et quand la Bretagne ne sera plus, la France sera ; et quand la France ne sera plus,

l’humanité sera encore, et éternellement l’on dira : Autrefois, il y eut un noble pays,

sympathique à toutes les belles choses, dont la destinée fut de souffrir pour l’humanité et de combattre pour elle. Renan, L’Avenir de la science: p.221

NOUS SERONS TOUS DES ACTEURS

Où commence et où s’arrête le personnage d’un acteur pour un spectateur?

Combien de fois nous est-il arrivé d’être face à un acteur qui ne nous connais pas et d’aller vers lui comme vers un ami de longue date avec un grand sourire? Ou encore le fait que qu’à travers une publicité-fiction qui passe à la télévision, nous soyons interpellés et posions un acte de consommation dans le monde réel pose clairement le fait que nous soyions obligés de prendre en considération le monde virtuel au même niveau que le monde réel. Voilà la questions à laquelle la fiction appliquée essaye de répondre. L’acteur a besoin d’occuper l’espace de fiction appliquée. Cet espace est un mélange des mondes virtuels et réels. Il est peuplé de personnes vivantes, décédées ou n’ayant existé que dans l’imagination de ses créateurs. Le premier objectif d’une personne voulant exister serait donc d’abord de naître. La façon de naître importe peu. “Any publicity is good publicity”. Pour être citoyen de cet espace, il faut principalement avoir été enregistré, recréé ou raconté par les médias images, textes ou sons. L’espace est lui-même soumis aux mêmes règles que les acteurs. A l’heure où Hollywood ne se contente plus de l’espace cinématographique pour faire évoluer ses acteurs, et quand ses pratiques déteignent sur d’autres profession, il est important de s’interroger sur ce qui restera de naturel et spontané dans notre quotidien.

Si le siècle qui s’achève a vu comme principal outil de fiction appliqué se développer la caméra à un bout et la télévision à l’autre avec entre les deux, les satellites; faisant ainsi des hommes du monde entier des spectateurs, le siècle qui commence aura pour objectif de faire de ces spectateurs des acteurs. Processus qui avait déjà commencé avec la télécommande de télévision. Ce processus va se développer davantage grâce au téléphone portable d’un côté, notre espace quotidien de l’autre avec sa foultitude de gadgets, le tout transitant par la toile de l’internet.

Le téléphone portable serait une espèce de télécommande dans la vie quotidienne qui permettrait en composant un numéro affiché sur un distributeur de boissons, de se servir et le paiement serait associée à la facture de téléphone.

Nous pouvons imaginer d’autres scénarios. Une veste faite de capteurs reliées à un téléphone portable permettrait d’envoyer à une fréquence donnée des informations échographiques (donc visuelles) par exemple à un centre enregistrant pour chaque personne les données. Ce centre permettrait de faire un suivi de santé de tous les individus. Ce qui nous amène à un l’outil principal qui a été à la base même du l’évolution de l’être humain; c’est la mémoire.

LES TROUS DE LA DEPENDANCE

On peut aussi constater la dépendance que les hommes ont vis-à-vis des trous qui sont: les yeux, la bouche, le nez, les oreilles, le sexe, l’anus et la peau. Citons en vrac les produits que consomment les trous:

Les yeux: télévision, cinéma, photos, ordinateurs,

livres, journaux…

Les oreilles: musique, sono, sons TV-cinéma, paroles,

téléphones, walkman, ordinateurs…

La bouche: aliments, boissons/alcool, tabac, drogues,

médicaments, eau…

Le nez: air, odeurs, drogue…

Le sexe: préservatifs, garnitures…

L’anus: papier toilette…

La peau: eau, crème, vêtements, rasoirs, bijoux…

Les producteurs de tout ce que consomment les trous “écrivent” chaque jour ce que

nous vivons. Plus la compétition est importante et plus on maîtrise la science, plus le conditionnement des trous est important. Par exemple amener les yeux à ne regarder qu’un type d’images, les oreilles à n’écouter qu’un type de sons, la bouche à ne manger qu’un type d’aliments etc…

En plus il y a pire, les trous peuvent être infectés par l’air, la nourriture, le sexe, la drogue, le tabac, l’eau, les médicaments, la télévision, la religion (sectes), l’écrit, les images… Aujourd’hui on compte plusieurs industries vivant de ces infections. Le comble étant que ce qui est ainsi écrit pour l’homme est tragique dans le sens aristotélicien du terme. Ne dit-il pas qu’une “bonne histoire doit susciter la crainte et la pitié?”

C’est dans ce sens que la fiction appliqué s’inscrit dans toutes les industries de consommation.

VIES-FICTION

L’objectif de notre vie n’est pas de créer une histoire; c’est de vivre car toute vie est déjà une histoire. Certaines sont originales, d’autres sont des “remakes”, du déjà vu; d’autres encore une formule de vie écrite par d’autres. Ce n’est pas un hasard si à la première rencontre avec un individu original, on a envie de demander “c’est quoi son histoire?”

The 8 years of Obama have destroyed the fighting spirit of Black civil rights activism, they were giving the brother a break!

Symbolic Leadership

The Post-Obama Racial Narrative

If there is one thing we are sure about with Obama presidency it is that it has definitely silenced black activists, intellectuals and artists. Despite the fact that the country’s racial injustice hasn’t change, black voices have chosen to lift the pressure they have been putting since the civil rights on the American government. I am afraid that after the 8 years of Obama in the white house, black voices and activism will rise again, proving that they were not fighting to improve their conditions, but that they were doing exactly what they criticize with  “white people”; which is racial solidarity. Despite the fact that Obama is stressing out that he is not the president of “black people”, Black voices are making sure they aren’t heard in critiquing him… at least publically. After such a bias posture it will be difficult for them to continue the struggle like before. This is the reason why black intellectuals are in a hole, a black hole, a hole they might never get out of again. If more concerned are not raised such as Cornel West’s who says that Obama’s politics are more centrist than progressive and do not uplift the poor, calling the president a newcomer . . . who wanted to reassure the establishment and someone who was using intermittent progressive populist language in order to justify a centrist, neoliberalist policy, Obama would have therefore neutralized centuries of black struggle by producing duplicity in black activists and intellectuals because they haven’t been able to reinvent an appropriate racial post-obama narrative. And The Rev Al Sharpton’s criticism of Cornel West falls in that trap when he says that gThis is the first time in this country that we have an African American president. He is not the president of African Americansc The problem wefre seeing with too many older-minded people is you donft want the next generation. You want clones. And people donft have to be your clone to validate your sacrifice.h

The duplicity was also generated by Obama himself since his Keynote Speech at the Democratic National Convention in Boston, Mass on July 27, 2004 when he used his family heritage by saying g\ letfs face it \ my presence on this stage is pretty unlikely. My father was a foreign student, born and raised in a small village in Kenya. He grew up herding goats, went to school in a tin-roof shack. His father \ my grandfather \ was a cook, a domestic servant to the British. But my grandfather had larger dreams for his son. Through hard work and perseverance my father got a scholarship to study in a magical place, America, that shone as a beacon of freedom and opportunity to so many who had come before. While studying here, my father met my mother. She was born in a town on the other side of the world, in Kansas. Her father worked on oil rigs and farms through most of the Depression. The day after Pearl Harbor my grandfather signed up for duty; joined Pattonfs army, marched across Europe.” We see clearly that Obama uses his difference which includes the racial difference and his multicultural origins which includes specifically his skin-color among many other differences, meaning his blackness. And later during his 2008 election campaign, without voicing it; he is telling us how much “change” was coming. Or when he says “Yes, we can”, one can wonder who is “we”? If you ask who usually can’t? Blacks in general are generally those who are perceived as those who can’t!  Obama also repeated the same thing in his speech in Ghana when he said “And here is what you must know: The world will be what you make of it. You have the power to hold your leaders accountable, and to build institutions that serve the people. You can serve in your communities, and harness your energy and education to create new wealth and build new connections to the world. You can conquer disease, and end conflicts, and make change from the bottom up. You can do that. Yes you can — because in this moment, history is on the move”. Obama in this speech has forgotten or ignored that he wasn’t recalled like Nicolas Sarkozy by Africans like they did with the former French President in his speech in Dakar, just because he was considered a son of Africa. Because the America is now president  has never been on the side of Africans struggling against oppression. America Obama is now president was on the side of the apartheid regime against Nelson Mandela. No young African believes that America will come and help whenever they are fighting dictatorship, unless it’s for oil or other interest. But they all applauded Obama because he is black!

No doubt Obama is saying to non-blacks gYes you white can put a black man in the white househ.  And to blacks, he is saying gYes, you black people, you Africans, you who usually canft, you can!h

Despite the fact that very few people have seen no or little “change” in their daily life in almost 4 years. Despite the fact that black intellectuals who are very disappointed aren’t not saying what they really think,  like Cornel West who said that gMitt Romney is a catastrophic response to a catastrophe, whereas Obama is a disastrous response to a catastrophe.h  Despite all that, they believe they “have to” vote for him again… without asking him anything in return?  The pressure of silencing all black voices can be seen in the attacks from other black scholars against Cornell West when he says that  “I think my dear brother Barack Obama has a certain fear for free black men.”

In the middle of all this double duplicity, from both black voices and from Obama himself, there are gwhite peopleh. The gwhite peopleh narrative is almost like an invisible ghost that is justifying the duplicity of Obama on one side and on black intellectuals on the other side.  The White peopleh rhetoric didnft just succeed to take over Obamafs presidency; they also manage to cripple black intellectuals in their ability to challenge the system when it is working against them. But the reality is that gWhite peopleh donft exist! The same way gblack peopleh donft exist. If gWhite peopleh did exist, how come Obama got elected president? Obama would have never existed if gWhite peopleh were gWhite peopleh.

Like with land issue in Zimbabwé, the land being claimed is not the land taken a century ago just because the very semantic definition of land has changed in the meantime. Land went from being the land of the ancestors with its symbolic meaning to being a commodity producing wealth for the market economy. Therefore even if the land was given back it would never be the land that was taken in the first place.

Same with the gwhite peopleh semantic  which is an old narrative created at the time of slavery and that needed to evolve with the dynamic nature of human interactions, history, politics and race. This kind of mental construct is what will have to disappear since Obama was elected by some white people also. Among what is called white people, there are Democrats for example, there are Republicans, and there are more peoplec And among these white people there are many who voted for him, and there many who are also disappointed by him. And those have been ignored at the same time by black intellectuals and by Obama himself.

When do human decide to change language? When the language they speak is not able to tell them anymore the world they live in. The language I hear is not telling me accurately what is happening. What happen to all of us to a point where we focus so much on people who don’t like us anyway and never will?  Why can we be so surprised by the hatred of some Republicans and Tea Party Movement generated by the fact that a black man is in the white house? They are doing what they are supposed to do and what they have been doing throughout history. The problem is with us who forgot that these people existed, we are surprised that Obama is facing adversity from people who didn’t voted for him and who don’t want him there. Therefore on one hand Obama is busy trying to gain their love while black intellectuals are traumatized by why they see like if it was new. All this because they didn’t believe that “white people” could vote for a black man. White people didn’t in fact vote for Obama, Democrats did. Because a wordmaker is a worldmaker, the language has to change so that a new America can spring up from a new racial linga mantis – language of thoughts or mind –

Now that some “white people” have put a black man in the white house, can you still accuse them to be racists? No. And that’s the mental shift black intellectuals and activists have been failing to achieve since Obama is president. Because Obama’s candidacy was a kind of referendum where Americans had to answer the question if yes or no, they were racists, Black intellectuals need like Foucault in Les Mots et Les Choses to redefine their “white space”. They need to re-read the ” “white” visible marks put by God on the surface of the earth. They are now forced to form not only new racial rationalities but also all the knowledge deployed in grammar, biology, politics, technology and wealth. Black intellectuals have to create a new narrative from which the new racial discourse will emerge, new rationalities will be formed, new experiences will reflect and new activism be inspired.

Obama and black intellectuals have to start speaking that language of minds – linga mantis – that will first get them out of duplicity and then secondly allow them to state clearly their racial vision and the common project of living together like did the Frederick Douglas, MLK, Malcom X, Steve Biko, Nelson Mandela etc… What they all did was to develop a language of minds for all, black and whites to reject the unacceptable. Today we tend to accept the unacceptable. Some see in duplicity a form of resistance. How can someone who has to cheat on himself with his past and his future to survive the present resist without damaging his own being? This is requires a lot of imagination and creativity. It’s almost a matter of health, “public health” to get our brains out of the “prison of the present moment”. Our minds are all seeking that ideal space that is free from any tyranny. And if they don’t, anxiety and aggression will end up being the ultimate response.

Let’s take some time to discuss that linga mantis idea; language of thoughts or mind in relation to the racial question. Why race studies have to be in humanities rather than in science? Let’s call whatever science we are presenting here Mantism and let’s base it on some Lakoff’s theories, cognitive studies and neuroscience.

We know that one interaction between his body, brain and environment, is constructing an idealized cognitive model in an individual who lives a kinetic experience embodied in our bodily activities « prior to language. »  

Mantism tells us that each person’s experience, education, culture and environment produces in each one of us a way of understanding the world.

Mantism is the system of thought which equates to almost a language that is unique to each individual. A language that everyone « negotiates » at all times with the language of the “other”, the “other” with whom we share an experience, education, culture, or a similar environment.

Mantism is far from being essentialism, functionalism, objectivism and « computational realism » (which considers the mind as a machine), there is not a transcendent spirit that could see the world from outside.

Why are people who voted for Obama disappointed with him? Itfs not because he is not able to deliver as such. It is because he got elected as a symbolic president. And as a symbolic president, he needs to be able to speak the symbolic language. Which he is not. It doesnft matter if he likes it or not, Obama is the first black president. And as the first black president he is a symbolic figure. And as a symbolic figure, he needs to master the symbolic language. But he ignores the symbolic language, he hasnft being able to use it to redefine Americafs hope and change as promised during his election; which is not in itself an issue. But where there a problem itfs when as a symbolic character he ignores the language of symbolism that would have kept in people the enthusiasm his election has generated globally, they feel betrayed. Obama has not being speaking that language, and thatfs the reason why his electors are disappointed.

During the 2008 election, Obama became not only the topic of dinner-table conversations all over the world. Like with superman, audiences globally through mass media were divided between those who participated as actors in the drama and those who watched and commented as the Obama plot unfolded. What was the global community watching? They have been following Obama’s transformation as a political hero.

And once a political hero, Obama has abandoned the mythological figure he embodied to win the election to become a Joe the Plummer of politics working hard to do it all for us while we haven’t being asking him that much. He has forgotten we were supposed to do it together and he was providing us with the energy we needed to wake up in the morning to go change the world… just because Obama is now president. The only thing expected from Obama as a symbolic figure was to feed as Jung says the symbolic life of Americans’ and all those who were crying that day. Because only the symbolic life can express the need of the soul – the daily need of the soul, mind you! And because people have no such thing, they can never step out of this mill – this awful, banal, grinding life in which they are « nothing but. » Everything is banal; everything is « nothing but, » and that is the reason why we are neurotic. We are simply sick of the whole thing, sick of that banal life, and therefore we want sensation. We even accepted wars; and even thank heaven, just because at least “something was going to happen” – something bigger than ourselves!

Life can be too rational; without symbolic existence in which I am something else, in which I am fulfilling my role, my role as one of the actors in the divine drama of life.

Obama overly symbolic as he is overloaded with symbols: black, mixed-race, single parent, African, Muslim, African-American, son of an immigrant, Peace Nobel Price etc. Most of these symbols are the symbols of ethe otherh. The gOtherh that is not galwaysh me. How come Obama has been since elected unable to speak that Racial Mantism?

Through these symbols Obama was able to embody for a lot of people in the country and outside of the country that figure that would feed their symbolic life. They could get up the next morning with a feeling of their great and divine responsibility; that they were the sons of the Sun, the Father, and their daily duty was therefore to help the Father over the horizon – not for themselves alone, but for the entire humanity. People’s life was all of a sudden making sense. People’s lives that were utterly, grotesquely banal, utterly poor, meaningless, with no point in it at all were different. The history was in the making, the feeling of bringing this country to the next level was there. The feeling that “I have to do that job of mine to make sure I bring my contribution to this grand vision…”  was all around; lives will made more sense; makes sense in all continuity and for the whole of humanity. Obama was giving peace as people felt that they were living the symbolic life; that they were actors in the divine drama.

We are all definitely missing Obama symbolic language. We are more missing that language because despite the will of black intellectuals to support Obamafs second term, they are unable to keep that ghope alive!h  Itfs about time for that Racial Mantism; a language that will help convey our thoughts and feelings; a language that exists outside of the actual language.

Above all, Mantism is supposed to provide a frame to what’s going on. Everybody is behaving strangely and no one is voicing what it is, what’s is actually happening. What they are saying in the media has nothing to do with what they are saying when they are among each others.  And like any language, Mantism will be based on syntax and it is that syntax that will free Obama from the concrete world of things lead by Joe the Plummer.. Mastering the symbolic language would relieve the nation from the duplicity created by the new Obama paradigm.

If we are sure of one thing about Obama, it’s that he will be remembered as the first black president in the history of the United States of America. If he will be remembered as the president who did something else is still to be proven, which doesn’t mean he won’t be remembered for something else. But for the time being, what we are sure of is that Obama is the first black US president.

Being the first black president makes you a symbol. In a addition of being the first black, Obama’s origins make him the first many things: the first African, the first mixed race, the first immigrant, the first Muslim… – He doesn’t have to claim those identities or to any of these but his origins make people associating him with those identities. – In addition to this, the global new media  made Obama campaign a global campaign with email solicitations to non-Americans for donations. A lot of people contributed to get the first black US president elected in a country where black were slaves? Why would they have done it if  it was not all symbolic?

Obama is carrying  all these symbols either he wants it or not. Why would Obama be given a Nobel Peace prize just after he was elected, before he had even done anything, if he was not a symbol? Another symbol, a black woman in the white house.

When you are a symbol it isn’t about you anymore, it’s about the projections of people and the reality has nothing to do with it. People see in you something that comes deeply within themselves. Most of the time they feel hope. A symbol has a therapeutic function for a society and can’t deny it to people. They need  it and they can’t do without it.

In fact Obama has used it. He knew he could appeal to that and make people vibrate at that symbolic level. In his speech of the Democrats convention of 2004, he told people that America is great because he, Barack Obama, son of a Kenyan father  and a Kansas mother could be standing in front of that crowd making that speech. Not only he used his uniqueness and difference but he also associated it with another symbol, America.

Can A Symbol Be Pragmatic?

After achieving the objective of becoming president, the rhetoric started changing from the symbolic rhetoric to the pragmatic rhetoric. People were now told Obama is not a world president, he is an American president. Obama is not a black president, he is an American president etc. Like if the symbols should remain at a discourse level for propaganda sake. While I believe that symbolism shouldn’t be only seen as utopia. There is a real symbolic language one can master and use on a daily basis and not just in speeches but in actions.  The power of the symbolic language, the language of behavior has more potential in implementing change. Because that symbolic language works at the individual level using emotions as a vehicle, it empowers people and the more important, gives meaning to what we do.

Obama and his advisors are thinking the old way. They are seeing a  politician as someone who exploits the people hopes and expectations to get there and once there he has to go for more pragmatic ends. And this is a mistake. As the receptacle of that many symbolic dimensions Obama has been wasting his symbolic capital because he doesn’t know the language. You can’t be that loaded and end up doing the same thing someone with no capital at all would be doing.

The world is a big book, human actions are loaded of meanings we can interpret. And with our actions, we can write our own chapter in the book. The question here is: how can Obama be a symbolic president? By being not a president that changes America but a president that changes Americans. By continuing to maintain the flame, the warmth everyone felt in his heart the day he got elected?  He has to believe in that “energy” inside the billions of people in the world that were with him that day, Obama should use that to change something about this planet we all want to change for the better.

The same way Obama by running for president engaged America in a new narrative by asking them if there were ready to elect a black president? He needs to get them in a another narrative where they all have to be engaged. Thatfs how you bring the whole nation into your action. Thatfs what is a symbolic actions.  To be an effective  symbolic communicator, one has to know how to use symbols in order to send messages without necessarily using words. Politics loves symbols. Their suggestive value allows politicians to simplify and characterize the most complex situations. In France for example, president François Mitterrand since, assuming the presidency in 1981, he has often communicated more effectively with symbols  than with words. Between 1981 and 1989, he used the following key symbols to strengthen his domestic political consensus: (1) the Pantheon, (2) modernization, (3) de Gaulle and the gaullist republic, (4) the grand projets (monumental architectural projects for the capital), and (5) the Bicentennial celebration for the French Revolution of 1789. The Socialist president’s adroit use of these symbols has facilitated a significant political transformation in France; the emergence of a centrist Republic. Which means that with symbols, one can achieve national transformation…?

Human culture is a symbolic organization of the remembered experiences of the dead past as newly felt and understood by the living members of the collectivity. The human  condition of individual mortality and the comparative immortality of our species are most of our communication and collective activities in the larger sense a vast exchange of understanding between the living and the dead.

Language, religion, art, science, morality, and our knowledge of ourselves and the world around us, being parts of our culture, are meaningful symbol systems which the living generations have inherited from those now gone. We use these symbols briefly, modify them or not, and then pass them on to those who succeed us. Thus, in fact, communication between living and dead individuals maintains continuity of culture for the species. Secular symbols probably more often emphasize the living present; sacred symbols appear to be more concerned with death, with the past of the species and the future of the individual.

If Obamafs failure has been in mastering the symbolic language, how do one becomes a symbolic president? How can Obama become a Biggy Muldon depicted by Loyd Wagnerfs Yankee City? How could Obama feed collective representations while at the white house? How could the white house being run by signs loaded with meanings?

Besides Obama calling himself Icarus, when he said during the Democrat primary « I think we were flying too close to the sun, like Icarus. When you’re fighting for change, it’s not supposed to be easy. » Obama was seen as Sisiphus by Bill Cosby who said « I see Obama as Sisyphus in the first four years. And nobody would speak about the size of the rock, or the elevation of the hill. All you hear people talk about is what he didn’t do, »

If Cornel West criticism of Obama is true when he says that Obama is too worried about his legacy, it is clear that He didn’t choose the best direction to have a legacy.

DISORIENTED

Disoriented, we all are. The covid-19 has certainly confused the whole of humanity, but we Africans are disoriented first of all because the West, our compass, is itself disoriented. We Africans had found a simple recipe for life, to do stupidly what the white man does. It’s a kind of lazy posture, we must admit, what’s the point of looking when we know that the whites will look and probably find? We developed a posture I would say to be mean, a parasitic posture compared to the West. And when our ego suffered a bit from Western paternalism, we would fall back on the Chinese, sometimes on Putin… looking for alternatives to the Western compass.
Yet no one doubts that for very few generations the West was not our compass as Africans. But Africa is only called for help when our pride is wounded… to abandon it once our greatness has been restored… in our eyes after feeling humiliated or despised. Worse, we go to the African solution when it goes beyond the white. And this chronology is not innocent, starting with the white man and ending in Africa… why not the other way around.
What really disorients us in the case of covid-19 is that we have accepted science and therefore medicine as the only way to fight life against death. Because at the end of the day it’s all about healing, and African culture has integrated it well, the term « healer » is very appropriate. Does « medicine » heal us? That is the question. Or is it only through so-called western medicine that we are healed? Follow my gaze; I’m talking about traditional medicine, a term that is an abuse of language because traditional medicine is western tradition. Let’s talk about traditional therapy and therefore about traditional therapists. If we are here today and we have not disappeared over the ages, it is because what our ancestors did allowed us not to disappear. So it would be good in this situation of disorientation to be interested in traditherapy and its principles: the power to heal certain people, the relationship with the invisible and the knowledge of plants. And sometimes these three can work together.
Another thing that confuses us is the WHO injunctions. In other words, how is the practice of medicine, and therefore of traditional therapy, organized? Who can heal? In Africa we would answer, the one who has received the gift, the revelation, the one to whom we came to give it in a dream, the one whose hand has been consecrated, the one who has the heritage of the knowledge of plants. The vision of the translitherapist who sees the disease as a « transgression » is not incompatible with Western medicine, which would like the spread of the virus to be due to the transgression of hygienic measures. Evidently we see the emergence of more or less complex degrees of practice which also require more or less specialized experts.
In conclusion, the fact that Africans know that sick people heal in their own model does not necessarily mean that they doubt the science which has also proved its worth, but rather that they do not judge Bishop Kleda’s traditherapy, for example, on the model of Western science and pharmacy, because it could very well be that his potion heals, but rather that they separate the referents and follow each step in its own corridor.

DEBOUSSOLÉS

Deboussolés, nous le sommes tous. Le covid-19  a certes déboussolé l’humanité entière, mais nous les Africains il nous déboussole d’abord parce que l’occident, notre boussole est elle-même déboussolée . Nous Africains avions trouvé une recette de vie simple, faire bêtement ce que fait le blanc. Une forme de posture paresseuse il faut l’avouer, à quoi bon chercher quand on sait que les blancs vont chercher et probablement trouver? Nous avons développé une posture je dirais pour être méchant, une posture parasite par rapport à l’occident. Et quand notre ego souffrait un peu du paternalisme occidental, on se repliait sur les chinois, parfois sur Poutine… en quête d’alternatives à la boussole occidentale. 

Pourtant personne ne doute qu’à très peu de generations près l’occident n’était pas notre boussole à nous Africains. Mais l’Afrique on ne l’appelle au secours que lorsque notre fierté est blessée… pour l’abandonner une fois notre grandeur restaurée… à nos yeux après s’être senti humilié ou méprisé. Pire, nous allons vers la solution Africaine lorsque ca dépassé le blanc. Et cette chronologie n’est pas innocente, commencer chez le blanc et finir en Afrique… pourquoi pas l’inverse.

Ce qui nous déboussole vraiment dans le cas du covid-19 c’est que nous avons accepté la science et donc la médecine comme seul moyen de lutte de la vie contre la mort. Car au final il est question ici c’est de guérir, et la culture Africaine l’a bien intégré, le terme “guerisseur” est très approprié. Est-ce que la “médecine” nous guérit? That is the question. Ou plutôt est-ce uniquement par la médecine dite occidentale qu’on guérit? Suivez mon regard; je parle de la médecine traditionnelle, terme qui est un abus de langage car la médecine traditionnelle est de tradition occidentale. Parlons plutôt de tradithérapie et donc de traditherapeutes. Si nous sommes là aujourd’hui et nous n’avons pas disparu au cours des ages, c’est bien parce que ce que nos ancêtres faisaient nous ont permis de ne pas disparaitre. Donc il serait bien dans cette situation de deboussollement de s’intéresser à la traditherapie et à ses principes: le pouvoir de soigner qu’on certaines personnes, la relation avec l’invisible et la connaissances des plantes. Et parfois ces trois peuvent fonctionner ensemble. 

Encore une chose qui nous déboussole, les injonctions de l’OMS. En d’autres termes comment l’exercice de la médecine et donc de la tradithérapie s’organise-t-elle? Qui peut soigner ? En Afrique on répondrait, celui qui a reçu le don, la revelation, celui a qui on est venu donner ca en rêve, celui dont la main a été consacrée, celui qui a l’heritage de la connaissance des plantes.  Si en traditherapie, la maladie est la consequence d’une transgression, La vision du traditherapeute qui voit la maladie comme une “transgression” n’est pas incompatible avec la médecine occidentale qui voudrait que la propagation du virus est due à la transgression des mesures d’hygienes. Evidemment on voit se dégager des degrés plus ou moins complexes de la pratique qui exigent aussi des experts plus ou moins spécialisés. 

En conclusion, le fait que les Africains savent que des malades guérissent dans leur modele amine non pas forcement à douter de la science qui a aussi fait ses preuves mais plutôt à ne pas juger la traditherapie de Mgr Kleda par exemple sur le modele de la science et de la pharmacie occidentale, car il se pourrait fort bien que sa potion guérisse, mais à séparer les referents et suivre chaque démarche  dans son couloir.

COVID-19 FODDER

A woman is waiting for a taxi with her mask on, a taxi stops with all the seats already taken, the woman gives her destination, the driver bends over to open the door for her. Before joining the passenger already seated next to the driver, the woman first makes the sign of the cross, then she gets in. A sign of the cross? Why a sign of the cross? Ah! The Corona! Fear of catching the Covid-19! This sign of the cross troubles me, I think of the lifting of the Prime Minister’s measures the day before, which in fact cancels the social distancing in public transport and therefore exposes more users to contamination. This sign of the cross leads me to ask myself all the questions about this woman. Could she have done otherwise? Did she have to take a taxi? Apparently so, because with the sign of the cross she’s saying, « I lay down my life for God. » « To the war as to the war ». I think of all those who pushed her to take that taxi; I imagine the boss for whom she has to go to work to feed her children, I think of the Prime Minister and all the lobbies and leaders around the government who took the decision to break the social distancing that is advocated by everyone everywhere… I tell myself that if she makes a sign of the cross, it is because there is no one in this world on whom she can still count not to catch the Covid-19. She is very conscious that she is the flesh and blood of Covid, thrown out to pasture as a shield against the economic and political risks that the powerful are running with this pandemic. It is for her and all those who will be victims of the decisions of the powerful who refuse to lose their privileges that I am making this post.

Translated with http://www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)

THE INVISIBILISATION PHASE

For a few months the Cameroonian system tried to do like everyone else in the management of the pandemic. In recent weeks we have entered a phase where Cameroonian nature has regained its rights. From now on we will only see the effectiveness of the government in the fight against the disease, we will only see 4x4s with the Covid-19 logo going up and down with men in jackets. The sick have disappeared, yet according to the official figures, there have been more than a thousand cases for a long time. Do they even have a choice? Between stigmatization, abandonment to themselves, trafficking, rejection of health structures, the many patients of Covid-19 prefer to disappear. Imagine that of the thousands of sick people, another thousand would have recovered without testifying. And why would they do so? And who would they do it for? For a society that’s become itself another virus to fight? Better to live it with families in the same solitude as other diseases. And this invisibility suits everyone and allows them to carry on as if nothing had happened. Even if death does occur, what’s new under the sun? The only thing that’s different is that there are no more wakeings for mourners and body lifts are no longer as attractive as they used to be because of social distancing measures. Sick Cameroonians suffer and die in silence, stoic… because they simply don’t exist anymore. Orphans of their society and of their leaders who prefer 4x4s to ambulances, they live a paradox that the one who is at the head of this country no longer exists because he is justly invisible.

WHAT WE HAVE BECOME

The pause that covid-19 imposes on us allows us to turn around and look back to scan not only the society in which we live but above all what we have become. We have become people who think that the state takes care of everything and that we can sleep easy, we have become people who depend on the supermarket, we have become people who have to tell what to do with their bodies and their lives, we have become people who prefer to continue their activity and take the risk of dying from this epidemic rather than stay at home for fear of starving to death… the list of what we have become is a long one and each one of us can complete it. This situation has divided us into two camps: those who are waiting impatiently for this pandemic to stop and for things to get back to normal and those who hope that the world will finally change, at least this is an opportunity to change all those things we were doing before and that Covid-19 has come to ridicule. If anything has been ridiculed, it’s the West… the West as a dream. There have never been so many people in Africa who realize that they made a mistake following the West and that it is time to return to Africa. The craze for the « African solution » with medicinal plants is an example of this. After the dream of the West, Africans are discovering the dream of Africa! Like on the Italian coast, a boat full of migrants has taken the opposite route back to Africa. If we Africans have become something, it is not so much Westerners but what the West has decided we will be. The colonial project was first and foremost a cultural project, we have changed names, governance models, religion and medicine … the question we have to ask ourselves is, are we satisfied with it? If the Republic has allowed many of us to be « big people » with positions and privileges that the white man created that we could never have dreamed of obtaining in our traditional chieftaincies, the reason we find ourselves defending the Republic is far from being for the modernity it offers us. What we have become is simply people who do what white people do… but with great delay. Now while these whites don’t know what to do with this virus that’s been killing everyone, we seem more confused than ever… with no idea where we’re going… Today the question is rather what will become of us? For those who hope things will go back to the way they were before, and for those who hope things will change, covid-19 has been there and we will no longer pretend that the question hasn’t arisen… this is perhaps what explains our silence. The question is not so much the dream of the West or the dream of Africa, but rather a new modernity of Man in the world free of the ploys of exploitation and manipulation and above all of all these complexes whether of superiority or inferiority.